Breaking News

Christina Sinaga

20170400006

 

KODE ETIK PENYIARAN

 

Tujuan Instruksional

Materi ini, pembaca mampu memahami dan menjelaskan kembali tentang

– Pengertian kode etik,

– Peraturan-peraturan dalam Undang-Undang                       Penyiaran No. 32 Tahun 2002 dan

– Pedoman Perilaku Penyiaran dan Standar Program           Siaran (P3SPS) yang mengatur tentang penyiaran di         Indonesia.

 

 

Pengertian Kode Etik

 

Kode etik adalah sekumpulan aturan atau patokan yang harus dihormati oleh pelaku profesi di bidang penyiaran. Dalam konteks televisi, selain narasi atau kata-kata yang diucapkan, gambar seringkali mempunyai arti dan pengaruh yang cukup besar. Itulah sebabnya kode etik televisi juga mencakup aturan-aturan mengenai gambar.

Pedoman Perilaku Penyiaran merupakan panduan mengenai batasan-batasan apa yang diperbolehkan atau tidak diperbolehkan berlangsung dalam proses pembuatan program siaran televisi, sedangkan Standar Program Siaran merupakan panduan tentang batasan apa yang diperbolehkan dan atau apa yang tidak diperbolehkan ditayangkan dalam program siaran.

 

Peraturan-peraturan dalam Undang-Undang Penyiaran No. 32 Tahun 2002 

 

Sebagai sumber hukum di bidang penyiaran, UU No. 32 Tahun 2002 memuat sanksi atau hukuman bagi mereka yang melakukan pelanggaran terhadap ketentuan yang diatur dalam undang-undang ini.

 

Jenis pelanggaran dalam undang-undang penyiaran terbagi atas dua, yaitu:

 

      1) Pelanggaran kode etik: yaitu hal yang terkait dengan upaya stasiun televisi menjaga etika dan moral ketika menyiarkan suatu program.

Pasal 42 undang-undang ini menyebutkan: “Wartawan penyiaran dalam melaksanakan kegiatan jurnalistik media elektronik tunduk pada Kode Etik Jurnalistik dan peraturan perundangan yang berlaku”.

 

      2) Pelanggaran teknis administratif: misalnya pelanggaran ketentuan mengenai izin penyelenggaraan siaran, ketentuan mengenai jangkauan siaran atau frekuensi siaran, ketentuan mengenai muatan lokal, ketentuan mengenai hak siar, ketentuan mengenai kepemilikan lembaga penyiaran, ketentuan mengenai laporan keuangan, dan lain-lain.

 

Sanksi yang diberikan undang-undang terhadap kedua jenis pelanggaran di atas terdiri atas sanksi pidana dan sanksi administratif. Sanksi pidana terdiri dari membayar denda Rp 5 milyar atau pidana penjara 2 hingga 5 tahun, sedangkan sanksi administratif mulai dari teguran tertulis, penghentian sementara acara, pembatasan durasi siaran, hingga pencabutan izin penyelenggaraan siaran.

 

Pelanggaran kode etik yang diancam dengan sanksi pidana meliputi beberapa hal yang umumnya terkait dengan isi siaran, sebagai berikut:

 

Pasal 36 ayat (5) menyatakan isi siaran televisi dilarang:

 

a. Bersifat fitnah, menghasut, menyesatkan dan/atau bohong;

b. Menonjolkan unsur kekerasan, cabul, perjudian, penyalahgunaan narkotika dan obat terlarang atau

c. Mempertentangkan suku, agama, ras, dan antargolongan.

 

Pasal 36 ayat (6) menyatakan, isi siaran televisi dilarang memperolokkan, merendahkan, melecehkan, atau mengabaikan nilai-nilai agama, martabat menusia Indonesia, atau merusak hubungan internasional.

 

a. Promosi yang dihubungkan dengan ajaran suatu agama, ideologi, pribadi, dan/atau kelompok yang menyinggung perasaan dan/atau merendahkan martabat agama lain, ideologi lain, pribadi lain atau kelompok lain;

b. Promosi minuman keras atau sejenisnya dan bahan atau zat adiktif;

c. Promosi rokok yang memperagakan wujud rokok;

d. Hal-hal yang bertentangan dengan kesusilaan masyarakat dan nilai-nilai agama;

e. Eksploitasi anak di bawah umur 18 tahun.

 

 

Pelanggaran kode etik yang diancam sanksi administratif meliputi hal-hal sebagai berikut:

 

a. Tidak melakukan sensor internal terhadap semua isi siaran yang akan disiarkan lembaga penyiaran berlangganan (pasal 26 ayat 2);

b. Isi siaran tidak memberikan perlindungan dan pemberdayaan kepada khalayak khusus yaitu anak-anak dan remaja, dengan menyiarkan mata acara pada waktu yang tidak tepat, dan lembaga penyiaran tidak mencantumkan dan/atau menyebutkan klasifikasi khalayak sesuai dengan isi siaran (pasal 36 ayat 3);

c. Stasiun televisi tidak menjaga netralitasnya dan berpihak kepada kepentingan golongan tertentu (pasal 36 ayat 4)

d. Stasiun televisi tidak mencantumkan hak siar dari suatu acara (pasal 43 ayat2)

e. Stasiun televisi tidak melakukan ralat dalam hal terjadi kesalahan pada isi siaran atau berita atau terjadi sanggahan atas isi siaran dan/atau berita (pasal 44 ayat 1)

f. Siaran iklan niaga yang disiarkan pada mata acara siaran untuk anak-anak tidak mengikuti standar siaran untuk anak-anak (pasal 46 ayat 6).

 

 

Pedoman Perilaku Penyiaran dan Standar Program Siaran (P3SPS) yang mengatur tentang penyiaran di Indonesia.

 

a. Rasa hormat terhadap pandangan keagamaan

b. Rasa hormat terhadap hal pribadi

c. Kesopanan dan kesusilaan

d. Pembatasan adegan seks, kekerasan dan sadisme

e. Perlindungan terhadap anak-anak, remaja dan perempuan

f. Penggolongan program dilakukan menurut usia khalayak

g. Penyiaran program dalam bahasa asing

h. Ketepatan dan kenetralan program berita, dan lain-lain.

ilkom2017

112 thoughts on “

  1. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your blog and check again here frequently. I am quite sure I will learn lots of new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!

  2. This is the part of my site where I list all of the expired
    domains from sites that I scrape. I scrape the
    most popular sites on the internet to produce lists of expired domains.
    All the lists are free, and I try to update them as often as possible.

  3. Every 60 minutes there are new public proxies added. You can directly
    import these into your SEO tools or do it manually. There are proxies for ScrapeBox and all other tools.
    Let me know if you need free public proxies for other tools.
    I’ll try to add them if I can.

  4. Here is where I put all of my expired web 2.0 accounts. I scrape massive
    lists and then check to see if they’re expired.
    I think you’ll be surprised by the number of
    accounts that I come across. Hopefully, you’ll be able to put these
    expired accounts to good use.

  5. What i don’t realize is actually how you’re now not actually much more well-favored than you may be right now. You’re so intelligent. You already know therefore considerably in relation to this subject, made me for my part imagine it from so many numerous angles. Its like men and women aren’t involved unless it is something to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your individual stuffs excellent. All the time deal with it up!

  6. {I have been browsing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be a lot more useful than ever before.|

  7. Hi there would you mind letting me know which webhost you’re using? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot faster then most. Can you recommend a good web hosting provider at a fair price? Thanks a lot, I appreciate it!|

  8. Mon envie d’uriner devient de plus en plus pressante et marcher à telephone rose travers toutes les pièces ne m’aide pas, loin de là. Je ne peux m’empêcher de tourner du

  9. Howdy! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wwondering
    which blog platformm are you using for this site?
    I’m getting ffed up of WordPress because I’ve had issues with
    hackers and I’m looking at alternatives ffor another platform.
    I would be great if you could point me in the direction of
    a good platform.

  10. Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it is
    truly informative. I’m going to watch out for brussels.
    I wil be grateful if you continue this in future.

    Lotss off people will be benefited from your writing.

    Cheers!

  11. I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your blog.
    It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it mhch more enjoyable for me to comme
    here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to
    create your theme? Fantastkc work!

  12. Fantastic blog! Do you have any tips and hints for aspiring writers?
    I’m hoping to start my own website soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you recommend startjng with a free platform like WordPress or go for a pzid option? There are so many choices out there that I’m completely overwhelmed ..
    Anny tips? Thanks!

  13. Its like yyou read mmy mind! You seem to know so much about this,
    like you wrote the book in it or something.
    I think that you can do with a few pics to drijve
    the message home a bit, but instead of that,
    this is excellent blog. A fantastic read. I will definitely be back.

  14. Howdy! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a quihk
    shout out and say I genuinely enjoy reading through your posts.
    Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that go over the same subjects?
    Many thanks!

  15. Today, I went to the beach with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She placed the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is entirely off topic but I had to tell someone!|

  16. Thanks for your marvelous posting! I quite enjoyed reading it, you will be a great author. I will be sure to bookmark your blog and may come back very soon. I want to encourage you to ultimately continue your great writing, have a nice evening!|

  17. Hi I am so glad I foind your website, I really found you by error, wgile I was brrowsing
    on Aol for something else, Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say cheers
    for a tremendous post aand a aall round thrilling blog
    (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to go through it all at the moment but I have
    saved it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I hace time I
    will be baack to read a lot more, Please do keep upp the fantastic job.

  18. I all the time used to read post in news papers but now as I am a
    user of internet therefore from now I am using net for articles or reviews, thanks
    to web.

  19. Today, I went to the beach front with mmy children. I found
    a sea shell aand gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put the shell to her ear and screamed.

    There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.
    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is entirely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  20. I feel thnat iis one of the such a lot important info for me.
    And i’m satisfied studying your article. Howevesr wanna remark
    on some normal things, The website style is perfect, the articles is in point of fact nice : D.
    Just right task, cheers

  21. you’re actually a good webmaster. The web site loading pace is amazing.
    It sort of feels that you’re doing any distinctive trick.
    In addition, The contents are masterpiece. you have done a magnificent activity on this matter!

  22. Howdy! Quick question that’s completely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My web site looks weird when browsing from my iphone 4. I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to fix this problem. If you have any recommendations, please share. Appreciate it!

  23. Admiring the commitment you put into your site and detailed information you provide. It’s good to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same unwanted rehashed information. Wonderful read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  24. Appreciating the commitment you put into your website and in depth information you offer. It’s good to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same unwanted rehashed information. Excellent read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  25. With havin so much content and articles do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright violation? My blog has a lot of completely unique content I’ve either authored myself or outsourced but it seems a lot of it is popping it up all over the internet without my agreement. Do you know any methods to help prevent content from being stolen? I’d really appreciate it.|

  26. Well when I notice natural healing , I assume of all of the other remedies for depression internet sites which possess or show some chinese herbal remedies and I cant assist but to consider the medicines herbal and various XXXX due to the fact once other people, I imply all of my friends possess attempted medicines herbal , they possess often appear up dissatisfied with herbal supplements stuff.

  27. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your blog and check again here frequently. I’m quite sure I’ll learn plenty of new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!

  28. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here. The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get got an shakiness over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come further formerly again as exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you shield this increase.

  29. I beloved up to you will receive carried out proper here. The cartoon is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get got an edginess over that you would like be turning in the following. ill for sure come more formerly again as exactly the similar just about very incessantly within case you shield this increase.

  30. I used to be very pleased to find this net-site.I wanted to thanks in your time for this glorious read!! I definitely enjoying each little little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to take a look at new stuff you blog post.

  31. I am also writing to let you know what a magnificent discovery my wife’s child went through using yuor web blog. She figured out such a lot of things, including what it is like to have a wonderful giving spirit to have most people quite simply know several advanced topics. You actually exceeded my expected results. Many thanks for imparting those helpful, trusted, revealing as well as unique thoughts on that topic to Ethel.

  32. Good post. I learn one thing more difficult on totally different blogs everyday. It can all the time be stimulating to read content from different writers and follow a bit of something from their store. I’d favor to make use of some with the content material on my weblog whether you don’t mind. Natually I’ll provide you with a hyperlink in your internet blog. Thanks for sharing.

  33. What i do not understood is actually how you are not actually much more well-liked than you may be right now. You are very intelligent. You realize therefore significantly relating to this subject, made me personally consider it from so many varied angles. Its like men and women aren’t fascinated unless it is one thing to do with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs great. Always maintain it up!

  34. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is an extremely neatly written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful info. Thank you for the post. I’ll definitely comeback.

  35. Hey! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble
    with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended
    up losing a few months of hard work due to no back up.
    Do you have any methods to protect against hackers?

  36. Thanks for a marvelous posting! I truly enjoyed reading it, you happen to be a great author.I will always bookmark your blog and definitely will come back someday. I want to encourage you to continue your great posts, have a nice holiday weekend!

  37. I was searching the net looking for some cool stuff and stummbled accross your site. I wanted to let you know that I think your site has some good pages and that I have already saved this page so I can visit again soon Thanks!

  38. Aloha, I found your blog on Bing Weblogs and think it is pretty intriguing and delivers fantastic material. Thank you regarding this superb post, I will certainly promote this on Twitter. Have a pleasant day.

  39. Wonderful blog you have here but I was wanting to know if you knew of any user discussion forums that cover the same topics discussed here? I’d really like to be a part of community where I can get feedback from other knowledgeable individuals that share the same interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know. Thanks!

  40. Hi there! I know this is kinda off topic however I’d figured I’d ask. Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest authoring a blog article or vice-versa? My site discusses a lot of the same subjects as yours and I feel we could greatly benefit from each other. If you’re interested feel free to shoot me an e-mail. I look forward to hearing from you! Wonderful blog by the way!

  41. Hey just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your content seem to be running off the screen in Internet explorer. I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know. The design look great though! Hope you get the issue fixed soon. Kudos

  42. Have you ever considered writing an e-book or guest authoring on other sites? I have a blog based upon on the same subjects you discuss and would love to have you share some stories/information. I know my readers would appreciate your work. If you are even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an email.

  43. I think this is one of the most important info for me. And i am glad reading your article. But wanna remark on some general things, The website style is perfect, the articles is really excellent : D. Good job, cheers

  44. Good – I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your website. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs as well as related info ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Excellent task..

  45. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own blog and was curious what all is needed to get set up? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I’m not very web smart so I’m not 100% positive. Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated. Appreciate it

  46. My brother recommended I might like this web site. He was totally right. This post actually made my day. You cann’t imagine simply how much time I had spent for this info! Thanks!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *